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Statistics - A Glance

Health Facilities - A Glance

The Union Territory of Puducherry consists of four geographically isolated census districts of Puducherry, Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam on the Eastern and Western coasts of India. The Health care provision for the four culturally divergent districts is a logistical challenge due to theirgeographical location as enclaves in the south Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Kerela and Andhra Pradesh.

Health Indicators

Sl. No. Item Unit As on 31-3-2006 As on 31-3-2007 As on 31-3-2008 As on 31-3-2009 As on 31-3-2010
1 Birth Rate Per 1000 popuation 15.7 15.1 16.4 16.4 16.4
2 Death Rate Per 1000 popuation 7.3 7.7 7.5 7.5 7.5
3 Infant Mortality Rate Per 1000 live births 28.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0
4 Bed - Population Ratio Ratio 1:499 1:460 1:485 1:502 1:527
5 Doctor - Population Ratio Ratio 1:1972 1:2060 1:2170 1:2283 1:2187
6 Nurse – Population Ratio Ratio 1:875 1:914 1:964 1:1014 1:1065
7 Doctors : Nurses Ratio 1:2 1:2 1:2 1:2 1:2
8 Eligible Couples Nos. 155000 160500 167500 172290 176854
9 Per-Capita Health Expenditure In Rs. 990 1071 1337 1370 1658
10 Family Welfare Programme: - - - - - -
- 1) Sterilisation Nos. 10213 10483 10303 9953 9382
- 2) IUD Nos. 3628 3506 3266 3155 2469
- 3) Conventional Contraceptive users Nos. 9934 10575 11462 11353 9352
- 4) Oral Pill users Nos. 1871 1743 1848 1826 2281
11 Health Institutions: - - - - - -
- 1) Primary Health Centres Nos. 39 39 39 39 39
- 2) Sub-Centres Nos. 77 77 77 77 78
- 3) Community Health Centres Nos. 4 4 4 4 4
- 4) Hospitals Nos. 8 8 8 8 8
- 5) Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Centre Nos. 1 1 1 1 1
- 6) ESI Dispensaries Nos. 14 14 14 14 14
12 Doctors Nos. 564 564 564 564 564
13 Nurses Nos. 1270 1270 1270 1270 1270
14 Community Health Guides/Visitors Nos. 28 28 0 0 0
15 Immunization Coverage - - - - - -
- T. T. for Preg. Women (2nd dose) Nos. 17610 18186 20274 20274 19346
- T.T. (10 Years) (2nd dose) Nos. 19094 18329 20015 20015 17595
- T.T. (16 Years) (2nd dose) Nos. 48981 14649 18931 18931 14208
- BCG Nos. 36182 42101 43556 43556 36290
16 Leprosy Prevalence Rate (Per 10000 population) - 0.26 0.36 0.23 0.37 0.41
17 Blindness incidence (Per thousand) - 0.5 0.46 0.40 0.40 0.40

Introduction

In Health Care Delivery Services, the Union Territory of Puducherry has been adjudged as the best in the country. The population of Puducherry has an accessible medical care within an average distance of 1.18 kms through a network of Primary Health Centres, Sub Centres, Disease specific clinics besides 8 Hospitals. The per capita expenditure on Health Care Services is Rs.1,658/-. Annually over 48 lakhs out-patients and 1.5 lakhs in-patients are treated at the various Government medical institutions of Union Territory of Puducherry.

The overall health indicators in Puducherry have been very encouraging compared to the national indicators. The U.T. of Puducherry has been able to achieve the Infant Mortality rate of 25 against national goal of 53 during 2008. Since more than 99.8% deliveries are conducted in the health institutions, it has been able to achieve the lowest Maternal Mortality Rate of 18 against the national target of less than 100 / 1 lakh live births. Total Fertility Ratio of 1.6 is the lowest in India against national goal of 2.4. Due to the strict implementation of the PNDT Act in the UT and close monitoring of the sex ratio of children, it is possible to achieve SEX RATIO (0-5 years) of 977 (female to male children / 1000) which sufficed the goal set by the Government of India.

To improve the overall health of adolescent girls in the Union Territory of Puducherry, special school health programmes was initiated comprising of general health check-up, haemoglobin estimation and treatment of anemia, de-worming, nutrition, immunization, health promotion, raising awareness about sexual and reproductive health. The Union Territory of Puducherry has not only provided training to the teacher in health promotion but has also integrated the leprosy, blindness control & prevention programme activities in the School Health Programme. It is a comprehensive programme with long term future vision of promotion of positive health. The Union Territory of Puducherry is declared as Leprosy Free State. 100% Pulse Polio Immunization successfully achieved throughout the state. Medical assistance is extended for treatment of life threatening diseases to patients below poverty line category by the Puducherry Medical Relief Society for the past ten years.

In the treatment of tuberculosis, conversion rate more than 90% and a cure rate above 90% is achieved. To control the incidence of Filarial and Malarial diseases, Anti larval activities and Surveillance activities are carried out to all citizens in the UT of Puducherry.

Kidney transplantation is performed free of cost to the Below Poverty Line category patients. The Hospital has been equipped with latest medical equipments like CT Scan, MRI Scan, Cardiac Monitors, etc. A separate geriatric ward for senior citizens is available. Hospital Information System has been established through computerization and transmission of various investigation results to the wards. Post graduate courses (DNB) in 7 disciplines are offered. C.T Scan facilities have been established at Govt. General Hospital, Mahe. Telemedicine Centre for establishing contact with premier health institutions of the country and abroad is functioning. 25 numbers of Ambulances have been purchased and provided to all the PHCs for transportation of critical patients from rural areas. Monetary incentives are provided to the patients for promotion of Institutional Deliveries under JSY. The pregnant women living below poverty line are assisted with Rs.700 in rural areas and Rs.600 in urban areas in case they deliver in a health institution. A separate 700 bedded hospital for Women & Children with specialized services is to be opened in the 2nd week of October 2010. Further during the current academic year a Govt. Medical College is also opened. A Health Insurance Scheme has been commissioned in outlying regions of Mahe and Yanam, when by compensation, cash free Secondary and Territory care is made available. The extent of cover is 2,50,000 per family member floater basis.

Unique Facilities (In nutshell):

  • Anti snake venom, Anti Rabies Vaccine and insulin made available in all PHCs & CHCs.
  • Sanitary pads issued free of cost to rural Adolescent Girls from Rural Sub Health Centres.
  • Free Dialysis & Transplant facilities for renal diseases, post transplant immuno suppressant drugs given free of cost.
  • 24 x 7 free ambulance services.
  • Financial assistance of 1.5 lakhs for tertiary care treatment to BPL families through PMRS.
Hospitals CHCs PHC (Urban) PHC (Rural) Sub-Centre (Urban) Sub-Centre (Rural)
8 4 15 24 24 52
Puducherry:
1. General Hospital
2. Maternity Hospital
3. Govt. Hospital
For Chest Diseases
4. Mahatma Gandhi
Leprosy Hospital
5. ESI Hospital
1.Karikalam
pakkam 2. Mannadipet
1. Ariankuppam
2. Gorimedu
3. Kalapet
4. Kosapalayam
5. Lawspet
6. Mettupalayam
7. Mudaliarpet
8. Muthialpet
9. Odiansalai
10. Reddiarpalayam
11. Murungapakkam
12. Villianur
1. Ariyur
2. Abishegapakkam
3. Bahour
4. Karaymputhur
5. Katterikuppam
6. Kirumampakkam
7. Koodapakkam
8. Maducarai
9. Nettapakkam
10. Sedarapet
11. Sorapet
12. Sooramangalam
13. Thavalakuppam
14. Thirubuvanai
15. Thirukanur
1.Kathirkamam
2.Ganapthy
Chettikulam
3.Pillaichavady
4. Karuvadikuppam
5.Govt.Qtrs.(Lawspet)
6.Thattanchavady
7.Muthirapalayam
8.Kurumbapet
9.Thengaithittu
10.Solainagar
11.Dubrayapet
12.Kompakkam
13.Odianpet
14.Manaveli
15.Muthupillaichavadi
16.Sulthanpet
17.Alankuppam
1. Aranganur
2. Embalam
3. Uruvaiyar
4. Korkadu
5. T.N. Palayam
6. Sivarantagam
7. Melsathamangalam
8. Kizhour
9. Soriankuppam
10. Seliamedu
11. Manamedu
12. Suthukeny
13. Lingareddipalayam
14. Kodathur
15. Sandaipudukuppam
16. Koravallimedu
17. Manapet
18. Murthikuppam
19. Pillaiyarkuppam
20. Poraiyur
21. Pandasozhanallur
22. Nathamedu
23. Sellipet
24. Andiyarpalayam
25. Poornankuppam
26. kalithirthalkuppam
27. Thiruvandarkoil
28. Sanniyasikuppam
29. Madakadipet
30. Kunichampet
31. Manalipet
32. Periyaveerampattinam
33. Nallavadu
34. Nonankuppam
35. Panayadikuppam
Karaikal:
1. General Hospital,
Karaikal
1. Thirunallar 1. Koilpathu
2. Karaikalmedu
1. Kottucherry
2. Ambagarathur
3. Nallambal
4. Nallathur
5. Neravy
6. Nedungadu
7. T.R. Pattinam
8. Varichikudy
9. Vizhithiyur
- 1. Sethur
2. Vadakattalai
3. Akkaravattam
4. Melaoduthurai
5. Kurumbagaram
6. Melakasakuddy
7. Vadamattam
8. Pattinacherry
9. North Vanjoor
10. Rayampalayam
11. Thriuvettakudy
12. Poovam
13. Kotucherrymedu
14. Manapet
15. Karukankudy
16. Muppaithankudy
17. Pettai
Mahe:
1. General Hospital, Mahe
1. Palloor 1. Pandakkal - 1. Chembra
2. Chalakara
3. Cherukallayee
-
Yanam:
1. General Hospital, Mahe
- - - 1. Guriampetta
2. Kanakalpetta
3. Darialthippha
4. Ferampetta
-

Hospitals

Institution GH, Pondy MH, Pondy GHCD, Gorimedu ESI Hospital, Gorimedu MGGL Hospital PMRC GH, Karaikal GH, Mahe GH, Yanam
General Information
Year Established 1816 1938 1963 1978 1842 1997 1908 1954 1925
Population 1089419 52745 823294 238117 NA 800000 187607 41303 39508
Villages / Wards Covered 129 116 81 81 81 NA Whole Pdy 37 15 10
Beds 733 330 138 75 80 30 506 171 100
Service Rendered
Out-Patient New 711725 38136 1352 18714 0 12153 382765 141113 157112
Out-Patient Old 217993 57775 508 11327 0 29308 138758 71646 65946
Out-Patient Total 929718 95911 1860 30041 0 41461 521523 212759 223058
In-Patient UT 23916 15150 1455 1649 399 580 18220 3141 2282
In-Patient Other States 22880 7799 540 0 69 116 7810 13708 949
In-Patient Total 746796 22949 1995 1649 468 696 26030 16849 3231
Surgical Operations
Minor Elective 2266 0 0 83 0 283 870 638 194
Minor Emergency 5627 13869 0 0 0 0 2244 0 0
Minor Total 7893 13869 0 83 0 283 3114 638 194
Major Elective 7617 0 0 43 0 0 2388 1701 478
Major Emergency 1150 8884 0 0 0 0 2043 389 0
Major Total 8767 8884 0 43 0 0 4431 2090 478

NOTE:*Insured Family Members

Community Health Centers

Institution Karikalampakkam Mannadipet Thirunallar Palloor
General Information
Year Established 1964 1962 1965 1958
Distance from H.Q. in Kms) 16 30 5 6
Population 26601 8844 23099 17860
Villages / Wards Covered 19 6 25 5
Sub-Centres covered 4 0 3 2
Entries on Register
Eligible Couples 4100 1689 3645 3521
Ante-natal cases 525 139 352 213
Infrastructure
Beds 36 30 30 30
Refrigerators 7 4 1 05
Deep Freezers 1 1 1 02
ILRs 2 1 1 02
I.U.D. Room Yes Yes Nil Yes
Labour Room Yes Yes Yes Yes
Operation Theatre Yes Yes Nil Yes
Laboratory Yes Yes Yes Yes
Service Rendered
Out-Patient New 192621 72269 117748 89345
Out-Patient Old 39076 13172 45682 19209
Out-Patient Total 231697 85441 163430 108554
In-Patient UT 2176 1200 2279 348
In-Patient Other States 820 779 76 630
In-Patient Total 2996 1979 2355 978

Primary Health Centres

Institution Ariankuppam Gorimedu Kalapet Kosapalayam Lawspet Mettupalayam Mudaliarpet Murunga-pakkam
General Information
Year Established 1957 1989 1963 1978 1980 1962 1957 1991
Population 35908 17246 16795 46526 67675 55570 53381 25768
Villages / Wards Covered 8 12 4 47 27 27 7 9
Sub-Centres covered 2 1 2 0 2 3 1 1
Entries on Register
Eligible Couples 5667 3145 2964 7869 10640 9840 8386 4067
Ante-natal cases 673 192 313 689 964 1108 777 401
Infrastructures
Beds 7 1 6 3 1 2 2 5
Refrigerators 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2
Deep Freezers 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
ILRs 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1
I.U.D. Room Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Labour Room Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes
Operation Theatre Yes No No No No No No No
Laboratory No No Yes No No Yes No No
Service Rendered
Out-Patient New 99918 35901 128466 60098 44261 92417 57639 28370
Out-Patient Old 35993 4172 10164 20321 20708 51196 49456 24678
Out-Patient Total 135911 40073 138630 80419 64969 143613 107095 53048
In-Patient UT 131 0 85 87 70 107 0 22
In-Patient Other States 10l 0 39 0 0 0 0 1
In-Patient Total 231 0 124 87 70 107 0 23

Primary Health Centres

Institution Muthialpet Odiensalai Reddiarpalayam Villianur Abishega-pakkam Ariyur Bahour Karayamputhur
General Information
Year Established 1956 1952 1936 1952 1980 1977 1957 1964
Population 44051 30200 48596 50811 6648 11183 25986 7183
Villages / Wards Covered 5 5 26 32 3 6 16 5
Sub-Centres covered 1 0 0 4 1 3 2 2
Entries on Register
Eligible Couples 6421 2636 8159 9010 1094 1851 4178 1175
Ante-natal cases 693 374 759 994 118 209 451 167
Infrastructures
Beds 6 1 2 9 4 3 6 6
Refrigerators 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1
Deep Freezers 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2
ILRs 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1
I.U.D. Room Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Labour Room Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Operation Theatre No No No Yes No Yes No No
Laboratory No No No Yes No Yes Yes No
Service Rendered
Out-Patient New 71111 69540 56356 20929 36044 44396 98879 36381
Out-Patient Old 38505 3951 10502 18207 7725 7111 16371 5216
Out-Patient Total 109616 73491 66858 39136 43769 51507 115250 41597
In-Patient UT 0 0 18 388 101 174 147 154
In-Patient Other States 0 0 0 33 5 39 33 125
In-Patient Total 0 0 18 421 106 213 180 279
Institution Katterikuppam Kirumam-pakkam Koodapakkam Madukarai Nettapakkam Sedarapet Sorapet Sooraman-galam
General Information
Year Established 1962 1963 1980 1958 1953 1982 1968 1978
Population 11988 22268 9067 7026 13651 9642 7596 5605
Villages / Wards Covered 7 25 15 1 6 4 4 6
Sub-Centres covered 3 4 1 0 1 1 1 1
Entries on Register
Eligible Couples 1961 3399 1564 1065 2459 1706 1322 845
Ante-natal cases 190 385 168 123 275 168 123 94
Infrastructure
Beds 6 13 6 5 14 2 3 4
Refrigerators 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1
Deep Freezers 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1
ILRs 1 2 2 2 1 1 2 1
I.U.D. Room Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes
Labour Room Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Operation Theatre No Yes No No Yes Yes No No
Laboratory Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Service Rendered
Out-Patient New 16812 94089 31079 41375 80605 25190 28032 19935
Out-Patient Old 17491 5595 7241 15334 13291 8133 8610 6684
Out-Patient Total 34303 99684 38320 56709 93896 33323 36642 26619
In-Patient UT 77 531 13 108 365 60 146 22
In-Patient Other States 12 28 0 3 51 0 17 4
In-Patient Total 89 559 13 111 416 60 163 26
Institution Thavalakuppam Thirubuvanai Thirukkanur Kovilpathu(U) Karaikal medu(U) Ambagarathur Kottuchery Nallambal
General Information
Year Established 1962 1940 1940 1978 1993 1976 1957 1960
Population 15455 28843 13442 17355 5991 6759 11600 7980
Villages / Wards Covered 11 13 6 2 4 2 3 10
Sub-Centres covered 3 4 3 0 0 0 0 1
Entries on Register
Eligible Couples 2426 5015 2339 2576 852 989 1848 1193
Ante-natal cases 275 528 251 202 114 91 184 121
Infrastructure
Beds 6 16 6 7 3 10 6 2
Refrigerators 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Deep Freezers 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0
ILRs 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1
I.U.D. Room Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Labour Room Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Operation Theatre No Yes No No No No No Yes
Laboratory Yes No No No No No No No
Service Rendered
Out-Patient New 46901 66291 25312 16650 26738 43824 51366 28547
Out-Patient Old 8986 9980 6352 20402 7473 23915 13224 8539
Out-Patient Total 55887 76271 31664 37052 34211 67739 64590 37086
In-Patient UT 538 370 77 38 96 84 90 28
In-Patient Other States 33 0 17 0 9 17 5 4
In-Patient Total 571 370 94 38 105 101 95 32
Institution Nallathur Nedungadu Neravy T.R.Pattinam Varichikudy Vizhithiyur Pandakkal
General Information
Year Established 1970 1965 1957 1956 1964 1965 1935
Population 3520 12802 15793 19934 12533 5198 11828
Villages / Wards Covered 13 16 7 12 13 7 4
Sub-Centres covered 0 3 2 2 4 1 2
Entries on Register
Eligible Couples 545 2011 2328 3165 2103 802 1783
Ante-natal cases 49 220 201 387 227 87 170
Infrastructure
Beds 2 30 6 17 6 6 2
Refrigerators 1 2 1 1 1 1 2
Deep Freezers 0 1 1 1 1 1 2
ILRs 1 1 1 1 1 1 2
I.U.D. Room Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Yes
Labour Room Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Operation Theatre No Yes No No No No Yes
Laboratory No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
Service Rendered
Out-Patient New 12501 68165 29344 56398 51552 37824 17800
Out-Patient Old 6580 15040 18319 15917 15485 6690 5379
Out-Patient Total 19081 83205 47663 72315 67037 44514 23179
In-Patient UT 0 934 213 1253 289 178 0
In-Patient Other States 0 151 17 77 27 109 0
In-Patient Total 0 1085 230 1330 316 287 0

Family Welfare Programme
Family Welfare Programme has focused on the health needs of the women in reproductive age group and of children below the age of 5 years and also to provide contraceptives and spacing services to the desired people. The objectives of the Family Welfare Programme are:
Population Stabilization at a level consistent with the needs of National development
Þ Reducing the Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) and Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)
Þ Safe delivery
Þ Safe abortion
Þ Balanced Sex - ratio
Effective Implementation of the Family Welfare Programme in the U.T. has lead to very substantial improvement in health status of the U.T. population.

Family Welfare Programmes
v Post -Partum Programme
v Free Supply of contraceptives to the Government and Private Medical Institutions
v Compensation for Sterilisation
v Implementation of Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex selection) Act
v Monitoring of Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act.
Family Welfare Services are provided to the community through a network of 77 Sub-Centres, 39 PHCs and 4 CHCs supported by 4 District Hospitals. The ANMs are the frontline worker providing the Family Welfare Services to the community. They are supervised by the LHVs / PHNs posted in PHCs.

Family Welfare Activities 2004-05 to 2008-09

Method 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09
Vasectomy 17 19 24 14 25
Tubectomy 11915 10194 10459 10289 9755
I.U.D 3150 3628 3506 3266 2721
Oral Pills 1584 1871 1743 1848 1710
C.C (Condoms) 10379 9934 10575 11462 10612
M.T.P 1683 1996 1726 1579 1230
Institutional Deliveries 27978 26170 *46864 *49660 *47332
Home Deliveries 185 85 116 73 57

*Including JIPMER and Private Intuitions

During the year 2008-09, totally 9,870 persons adopted the permanent method of Sterilisation (9,755 Tubectomy and 25 Vasectomy operations). Under spacing method, 2,721 adopted IUD method, 1,710 adopted Oral Pills method and 10,612 adopted Conventional Contraceptives (Condoms) method.

Comparative statement of sex ratio
(Census 2001 & IPPI Survey 2009)

Districts As per 2001 Census IPPI survey 2009 -
Adult sex ratio Juvenile sex ratio - -
Puducherry 990 953 1001
Karaikal 1023 981 1016
Mahe 1148 915 947
Yanam 975 974 945
Total 1001 958 977

Sex Ratio compared with southern states of India

India / State Total Male Female Sex Ratio
India 1,028,610,328 532,156,772 496,453,556 933
Andhra Pradesh 76,210,007 38,527,413 37,682,594 978
Kerela 31,841,374 15,468,614 16,372,760 1058
Karnataka 52,850,562 26,898,918 25,951,644 965
Puducherry 974,345 486,961 487,384 1001

Comparative Statement of Birth Rate with Southern State

India / State Total Rural Urban
India 22.8 24.4 18.5
Andhra Pradesh 18.4 19.1 16.8
Kerela 14.6 14.6 14.6
Karnataka 19.8 20.9 17.9
Puducherry 16.4 16.4 16.4

Comparative Statement of Infant Mortality Rate with Southern State

India - 53
Andhra Pradesh - 52
Kerela - 12
Karnataka - 45
Puducherry- 25

Universal Immunization Programme

The objective of National Health Policy is to provide comprehensive Health Care System with particular attention to the mother and child.
The Immunisation era has actually begun at the turn of 18th century with the introduction of protective vaccination against small pox. Since then, the phenominal progress in the domain of microbiological and immunological sciences has made over 25 vaccines available against some of the dreaded diseases. Today Diptheria, Pertusis, Tetanus, Typhoid, TB, Polio, Measles and a number of other diseases can be effectively controlled by vaccinations.
An objective is to attain 100% immunization coverage for all antigens.
More than 100% coverage during Pulse Polio Immunization.
Last Polio case reported in 1998
No instance of deaths due to Vaccine Preventable Diseases in last 6 years.
In addition to Universal Immunisation Programme, MMR & Rubella Vaccines are given in UT.

Pondicherry Aids Control Society

AIDS Control Programme was implemented in the U.T. of Pondicherry by JIPMER since 1986 which was directly funded by Govt. of India. In 1992, AIDS Cell was formed by the Govt. of Pondicherry. The funds were released by Govt. of India through the Directorate of Accounts & Treasuries.

Voluntary Counselling and Testing Centres and Integrated Counselling and Testing Centre

There are two VCTC at Puducherry. One is at Odian Salai and the other one is at JIPMER. There are two integrated Counselling and testing centres at Puducherry one is at CHC Mannadipet and the other one is at CHC, Karikalambakkam. In other regions of Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam are provided with one VCTC each.

ART Centre

There is an ART Centre in the Govt. General Hospital (Skin Department). U.T of Puducherry. Nearly 510 HIV positive patients are registered and ART drugs are being supplied free of cost.

Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission (PPTCT) Centre

There are 3 PPTCT centres in the U.T of Puducherry. One is at Maternity Hospital, Puducherry, one at Gynaecology Department, JIPMER and the other one is at maternity Wing of GH, Karaikal. Drugs are supplied to antenatal mothers free of cost and also for babies.

Position of U.T. of Pondicherry

As per National AIDS Control Organization, STD prevalence has fallen from 7.20% in 1998 to 4.03 % in 2006 and prevalence of HIV positive in antenatal case has fallen from 0.5 % in 1998 to 0.25 % during 2006, Sentinel Surveillance. U. T. of Pondicherry is now showing decline in prevalence of HIV infection in comparison to neighbouring states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, which are HIV High Prevalence States.

HIV prevalence: 11000 till 2008. (Approximately 60% from neighbouring states)

Particulars 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
High Risk Groups (STD Cases)
Puducherry 7.2 5.8 0.5 0.5 2.02 2.45 5.7 4.22 4.03 2.92 3.29
Particulars 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Low Risk Groups (Ante Natal Clinic Cases)
Puducherry 7.2 5.8 0.5 0.5 2.02 2.45 5.7 4.22 4.03 2.92 3.29

National Vector Borne Diseases Control Programme

Malaria
No death due to Malaria

Year BSC & BSE PV PF TOTAL API ABER DEATH
2008 127963 67 5 72 0.067 11.91 -
2009 88277 64 1 65 0.060 08.20 -

Filaria
Non endemic status achieved in 2005, shortly to be declared as filarial free

Year Parasitological Data Entomological Data
Persons Examined + ve for MF MF Rate +ve for Diseases Disease Rate Ten Man Hour Density Infection Rate % Infectivity Rate % -
2008 64997 24 0.04 34 0.05 70.02 Nil Nil
2009 57491 5 0.009 8 0.01 69.00 Nil Nil

Dengue / DHF

Year Suspected Cases Confirmed
2008 527 35
2009 333 66

Chikungunya

Year Suspected Cases Confirmed
2008 Nil Nil
2009 Nil Nil

Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme

Particulars Achievements
% of TB suspects examined out of total new adult outpatient 1.61%
Annualized total cases detection rate 61%
Annualized new smear positive case detection rate (%) 74%
Success rate of new smear positive patients 80%
New sputum +ve defaulter rate <5%

National Leprosy Eradication Programme

Declared Leprosy Free State in 2005

NLEP Indicators 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 (Nov-09)
No. of new cases detected (ANCDR) 57 (5.24) 50 (4.51) 57 (5.05) 33 (2.92)
No. of cases on record at year end (PR) 39 (0.36) 24 (0.22) 42 (0.37) 35 (0.31)
No. of Grade II disability among new cases (%) 1 (1.75) 0 ( 0 ) (2) (3.5) 0 ( 0 )
Treatment completion rate 100 100 97.4 95
Re-constructive surgery conducted 5 6 3 3

Integrated Disease Surveillance Project

H1N1 Status in UT of Puducherry

Reported for Cumulative for the state
No. of patient screened 575
No. of patient admitted in hospital (Cat –C ) 97
No. of patient whose samples were tested 527
No. of patient found positive with travel history to H1N1 notified countries (imported cases) 4
No. of patient found positive without travel history to H1N1 notified countries (indigenous cases) 112
No. of deaths Nil

No suspected case were reported from January 2010

  • 890 vials of H1N1 Vaccine received from the Govt. Medical Stores, Mumbai.

Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Centre

The Artificial Limb Fitting Centre is expanded with physical medicine & Rehabilitation facilities such as Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy in addition to the fitting of Artificial Limbs and Orthopedic Appliances. It is a 30 Bedded Hospital to provide in-patient treatment facilities to the Physically handicapped persons and fitting of Artificial Limbs. The Outhouses and prostheses are fitted to the physically handicapped persons referred from IGGGH&PGI Puducherry, ESI Mahe / Yanam / Karaikal and other Health institutions. Apart from Orthopedic appliances and Artificial Limbs, special type of appliances such a cervical collar, spinal brace, lumbar sacral belt, Modified surgical boot etc., are also fabricated and fitted to the patients. Fitting of functional Upper extremity prosthesis, partially mutilated hand, cosmetic fingers etc., are also being fabricated and fitted to the needy patients.

The treatment with latest equipments such as Laser Therapy, Microwave, Interferential Therapy, etc., is also available for the chronic patients. The availability of X-Ray unit, Laboratory facilities and operation theatre within the building are of much important to add the facilities in the treatment. The teaching and practical demonstration classes are made available to the students of degree course in Physiotherapy.

National Iodine Deficiency Disorder Control Programme

National Iodine Deficiency Disorder Control Programme (NIDDCP) is implemented in the U.T. of Puducherry from the year 2002-03. The goal of this programme is to reduce the Prevalence of Iodine deficiency disorders below 12 percent in the entire country by the year 2010 AD.

Iodine Deficiency Disorder (IDD) survey

The Iodine Deficiency Disorder survey was conducted by the Central IDD survey team during the month of September 2003 in all the districts of U.T. of Puducherry by covering 1% of village population and 5% school children to assess the Prevalence of goitre. The Prevalence rate of goitre in U.T. of Puducherry was found to be 10.31% (Puducherry-10.52%, Karaikal-7.73%, Mahe-20.0% & Yanam-9.44%)

National Programme for Control of Blindness

National Programme for Control of Blindness was launched in the year 1976 with a goal of reducing avoidable blindness, now the programme is in its 12th plan, the aim is to reduce the incidence of Blindness to 0.3% by 2020. The major role of community ophthalmology programme is to reach the Blind who reside in the rural, remote and underserved of our country, especially bilaterally blind and women below poverty line.

Surgeries are also done in government general hospital Puducherry, Karaikal and Mahe. The patients are screened the day prior to surgery by the ophthalmologist and operated the next day and followed up on a regular basis.

Year Number of cases detected Number of Surgeries Performed
Government Private Government Private
GH CHC PHC - GH CHC PHC - -
2005-06 4616 479 702 4922 4499 393 591 4792
2006-07 5313 692 812 5270 5215 580 711 5118
2007-08 5244 632 712 6541 5119 534 623 6379
2008-09 5452 538 668 5923 5368 504 622 5718

Glaucoma and Diabetic Retinopathy Screening

The ophthalmic technicians who are posted in the vision centres screen the patients above 40 years of age for glaucoma by checking their intraocular pressure and if the intraocular pressure is high the ophthalmologist opines on the mode of further management. Similarly all diabetics who come to the diabetic clinic for follow up are screened by the ophthalmologist when they come for cataract screening for diabetic retinopathy and sent to the government general hospital for laser treatment if they show signs of pre proliferative diabetic retinopathy.

School Eye Screening

This is one of the most important components of the NPCB, under which the teachers trained for this purpose, screen the children for defective vision using the Snellen’s chart and then referred to the ophthalmic technician who visits the school and a detailed refraction is done in the vision centre and glasses are provided to the poor and needy children by the NPCB. The children who require further examination are sent to the government general hospital to be seen by a specialist.

The year wise data (2005-06 to 2008-09) of children with refractive error examined and provided free spectacles.

Sl.No. Particulars 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09    
1 No. of School children screened 40100 55772 33832 47094
2 No. of children with refractive error 1150 2743 1506 5104
3 No. of children provided with glasses 858 1300 1506 2015
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