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Tetanus

  • Caused by bacteria clostridium tetani.
  • Occurs as painful muscular contraction, first affecting the cheek and neck muscles and then trunk muscles.
  • A common first sign in older children and adult is adbominal rigidity.
  • Transmitted by wound contaminated with soil, feces.
  • It occurs in new borns which is called as neonatal tetanus if safety methods are not followed during delivery.

Prevention:

  • Immunization with tetanus toxoid.
  • Pregnant Women:
    • 2 doses of tetanus toxoid.
    • at 16-20 weeks and 24 weeks of pregnancy.
    • to prevent neonatal tetanus.
  • For Infants:
    • included in DPT and to be given at 45 days, 75 days, 105 days and 1 1/2 years of birth.
    • DT at fifth year
    • TT at 10th year and once in five years.
    • Thorough cleaning of the wound.

AVOID FREQUENT T.T. INJECTION, WHENEVER YOU GET INJURED

Back To Previous Page | Page last updated date: 15-10-2021