Statistics - A Glance
Health Facilities - A Glance
The Union Territory of Puducherry consists of four geographically isolated census districts of Puducherry, Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam on the Eastern and Western coasts of India. The Health care provision for the four culturally divergent districts is a logistical challenge due to theirgeographical location as enclaves in the south Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Kerela and Andhra Pradesh.
|Sl. No.||Item||Unit||As on 31-3-2006||As on 31-3-2007||As on 31-3-2008||As on 31-3-2009||As on 31-3-2010|
|1||Birth Rate||Per 1000 popuation||15.7||15.1||16.4||16.4||16.4|
|2||Death Rate||Per 1000 popuation||7.3||7.7||7.5||7.5||7.5|
|3||Infant Mortality Rate||Per 1000 live births||28.0||25.0||25.0||25.0||25.0|
|4||Bed - Population Ratio||Ratio||1:499||1:460||1:485||1:502||1:527|
|5||Doctor - Population Ratio||Ratio||1:1972||1:2060||1:2170||1:2283||1:2187|
|6||Nurse – Population Ratio||Ratio||1:875||1:914||1:964||1:1014||1:1065|
|7||Doctors : Nurses||Ratio||1:2||1:2||1:2||1:2||1:2|
|9||Per-Capita Health Expenditure||In Rs.||990||1071||1337||1370||1658|
|10||Family Welfare Programme:||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|-||3) Conventional Contraceptive users||Nos.||9934||10575||11462||11353||9352|
|-||4) Oral Pill users||Nos.||1871||1743||1848||1826||2281|
|-||1) Primary Health Centres||Nos.||39||39||39||39||39|
|-||3) Community Health Centres||Nos.||4||4||4||4||4|
|-||5) Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Centre||Nos.||1||1||1||1||1|
|-||6) ESI Dispensaries||Nos.||14||14||14||14||14|
|14||Community Health Guides/Visitors||Nos.||28||28||0||0||0|
|-||T. T. for Preg. Women (2nd dose)||Nos.||17610||18186||20274||20274||19346|
|-||T.T. (10 Years) (2nd dose)||Nos.||19094||18329||20015||20015||17595|
|-||T.T. (16 Years) (2nd dose)||Nos.||48981||14649||18931||18931||14208|
|16||Leprosy Prevalence Rate (Per 10000 population)||-||0.26||0.36||0.23||0.37||0.41|
|17||Blindness incidence (Per thousand)||-||0.5||0.46||0.40||0.40||0.40|
In Health Care Delivery Services, the Union Territory of Puducherry has been adjudged as the best in the country. The population of Puducherry has an accessible medical care within an average distance of 1.18 kms through a network of Primary Health Centres, Sub Centres, Disease specific clinics besides 8 Hospitals. The per capita expenditure on Health Care Services is Rs.1,658/-. Annually over 48 lakhs out-patients and 1.5 lakhs in-patients are treated at the various Government medical institutions of Union Territory of Puducherry.
The overall health indicators in Puducherry have been very encouraging compared to the national indicators. The U.T. of Puducherry has been able to achieve the Infant Mortality rate of 25 against national goal of 53 during 2008. Since more than 99.8% deliveries are conducted in the health institutions, it has been able to achieve the lowest Maternal Mortality Rate of 18 against the national target of less than 100 / 1 lakh live births. Total Fertility Ratio of 1.6 is the lowest in India against national goal of 2.4. Due to the strict implementation of the PNDT Act in the UT and close monitoring of the sex ratio of children, it is possible to achieve SEX RATIO (0-5 years) of 977 (female to male children / 1000) which sufficed the goal set by the Government of India.
To improve the overall health of adolescent girls in the Union Territory of Puducherry, special school health programmes was initiated comprising of general health check-up, haemoglobin estimation and treatment of anemia, de-worming, nutrition, immunization, health promotion, raising awareness about sexual and reproductive health. The Union Territory of Puducherry has not only provided training to the teacher in health promotion but has also integrated the leprosy, blindness control & prevention programme activities in the School Health Programme. It is a comprehensive programme with long term future vision of promotion of positive health. The Union Territory of Puducherry is declared as Leprosy Free State. 100% Pulse Polio Immunization successfully achieved throughout the state. Medical assistance is extended for treatment of life threatening diseases to patients below poverty line category by the Puducherry Medical Relief Society for the past ten years.
In the treatment of tuberculosis, conversion rate more than 90% and a cure rate above 90% is achieved. To control the incidence of Filarial and Malarial diseases, Anti larval activities and Surveillance activities are carried out to all citizens in the UT of Puducherry.
Kidney transplantation is performed free of cost to the Below Poverty Line category patients. The Hospital has been equipped with latest medical equipments like CT Scan, MRI Scan, Cardiac Monitors, etc. A separate geriatric ward for senior citizens is available. Hospital Information System has been established through computerization and transmission of various investigation results to the wards. Post graduate courses (DNB) in 7 disciplines are offered. C.T Scan facilities have been established at Govt. General Hospital, Mahe. Telemedicine Centre for establishing contact with premier health institutions of the country and abroad is functioning. 25 numbers of Ambulances have been purchased and provided to all the PHCs for transportation of critical patients from rural areas. Monetary incentives are provided to the patients for promotion of Institutional Deliveries under JSY. The pregnant women living below poverty line are assisted with Rs.700 in rural areas and Rs.600 in urban areas in case they deliver in a health institution. A separate 700 bedded hospital for Women & Children with specialized services is to be opened in the 2nd week of October 2010. Further during the current academic year a Govt. Medical College is also opened. A Health Insurance Scheme has been commissioned in outlying regions of Mahe and Yanam, when by compensation, cash free Secondary and Territory care is made available. The extent of cover is 2,50,000 per family member floater basis.
Unique Facilities (In nutshell):
- Anti snake venom, Anti Rabies Vaccine and insulin made available in all PHCs & CHCs.
- Sanitary pads issued free of cost to rural Adolescent Girls from Rural Sub Health Centres.
- Free Dialysis & Transplant facilities for renal diseases, post transplant immuno suppressant drugs given free of cost.
- 24 x 7 free ambulance services.
- Financial assistance of 1.5 lakhs for tertiary care treatment to BPL families through PMRS.
|Hospitals||CHCs||PHC (Urban)||PHC (Rural)||Sub-Centre (Urban)||Sub-Centre (Rural)|
1. General Hospital
2. Maternity Hospital
3. Govt. Hospital
For Chest Diseases
4. Mahatma Gandhi
5. ESI Hospital
pakkam 2. Mannadipet
5. T.N. Palayam
1. General Hospital,
7. T.R. Pattinam
9. North Vanjoor
1. General Hospital, Mahe
|1. Palloor||1. Pandakkal||-||
1. General Hospital, Mahe
|Institution||GH, Pondy||MH, Pondy||GHCD, Gorimedu||ESI Hospital, Gorimedu||MGGL Hospital||PMRC||GH, Karaikal||GH, Mahe||GH, Yanam|
|Villages / Wards Covered||129||116||81 81||81||NA||Whole Pdy||37||15||10|
|In-Patient Other States||22880||7799||540||0||69||116||7810||13708||949|
NOTE:*Insured Family Members
Community Health Centers
|Distance from H.Q. in Kms)||16||30||5||6|
|Villages / Wards Covered||19||6||25||5|
|Entries on Register|
|In-Patient Other States||820||779||76||630|
Primary Health Centres
|Villages / Wards Covered||8||12||4||47||27||27||7||9|
|Entries on Register|
|In-Patient Other States||10l||0||39||0||0||0||0||1|
Primary Health Centres
|Villages / Wards Covered||5||5||26||32||3||6||16||5|
|Entries on Register|
|In-Patient Other States||0||0||0||33||5||39||33||125|
|Villages / Wards Covered||7||25||15||1||6||4||4||6|
|Entries on Register|
|In-Patient Other States||12||28||0||3||51||0||17||4|
|Villages / Wards Covered||11||13||6||2||4||2||3||10|
|Entries on Register|
|In-Patient Other States||33||0||17||0||9||17||5||4|
|Villages / Wards Covered||13||16||7||12||13||7||4|
|Entries on Register|
|In-Patient Other States||0||151||17||77||27||109||0|
Family Welfare Programme
Family Welfare Programme has focused on the health needs of the women in reproductive age group and of children below the age of 5 years and also to provide contraceptives and spacing services to the desired people. The objectives of the Family Welfare Programme are:
Population Stabilization at a level consistent with the needs of National development
Þ Reducing the Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) and Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)
Þ Safe delivery
Þ Safe abortion
Þ Balanced Sex - ratio
Effective Implementation of the Family Welfare Programme in the U.T. has lead to very substantial improvement in health status of the U.T. population.
Family Welfare Programmes
v Post -Partum Programme
v Free Supply of contraceptives to the Government and Private Medical Institutions
v Compensation for Sterilisation
v Implementation of Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex selection) Act
v Monitoring of Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act.
Family Welfare Services are provided to the community through a network of 77 Sub-Centres, 39 PHCs and 4 CHCs supported by 4 District Hospitals. The ANMs are the frontline worker providing the Family Welfare Services to the community. They are supervised by the LHVs / PHNs posted in PHCs.
Family Welfare Activities 2004-05 to 2008-09
*Including JIPMER and Private Intuitions
During the year 2008-09, totally 9,870 persons adopted the permanent method of Sterilisation (9,755 Tubectomy and 25 Vasectomy operations). Under spacing method, 2,721 adopted IUD method, 1,710 adopted Oral Pills method and 10,612 adopted Conventional Contraceptives (Condoms) method.
Comparative statement of sex ratio
(Census 2001 & IPPI Survey 2009)
|Districts||As per 2001 Census||IPPI survey 2009||-|
|Adult sex ratio||Juvenile sex ratio||-||-|
Sex Ratio compared with southern states of India
|India / State||Total||Male||Female||Sex Ratio|
Comparative Statement of Birth Rate with Southern State
|India / State||Total||Rural||Urban|
Comparative Statement of Infant Mortality Rate with Southern State
India - 53
Andhra Pradesh - 52
Kerela - 12
Karnataka - 45
Universal Immunization Programme
The objective of National Health Policy is to provide comprehensive Health Care System with particular attention to the mother and child.
The Immunisation era has actually begun at the turn of 18th century with the introduction of protective vaccination against small pox. Since then, the phenominal progress in the domain of microbiological and immunological sciences has made over 25 vaccines available against some of the dreaded diseases. Today Diptheria, Pertusis, Tetanus, Typhoid, TB, Polio, Measles and a number of other diseases can be effectively controlled by vaccinations.
An objective is to attain 100% immunization coverage for all antigens.
More than 100% coverage during Pulse Polio Immunization.
Last Polio case reported in 1998
No instance of deaths due to Vaccine Preventable Diseases in last 6 years.
In addition to Universal Immunisation Programme, MMR & Rubella Vaccines are given in UT.
Pondicherry Aids Control Society
AIDS Control Programme was implemented in the U.T. of Pondicherry by JIPMER since 1986 which was directly funded by Govt. of India. In 1992, AIDS Cell was formed by the Govt. of Pondicherry. The funds were released by Govt. of India through the Directorate of Accounts & Treasuries.
Voluntary Counselling and Testing Centres and Integrated Counselling and Testing Centre
There are two VCTC at Puducherry. One is at Odian Salai and the other one is at JIPMER. There are two integrated Counselling and testing centres at Puducherry one is at CHC Mannadipet and the other one is at CHC, Karikalambakkam. In other regions of Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam are provided with one VCTC each.
There is an ART Centre in the Govt. General Hospital (Skin Department). U.T of Puducherry. Nearly 510 HIV positive patients are registered and ART drugs are being supplied free of cost.
Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission (PPTCT) Centre
There are 3 PPTCT centres in the U.T of Puducherry. One is at Maternity Hospital, Puducherry, one at Gynaecology Department, JIPMER and the other one is at maternity Wing of GH, Karaikal. Drugs are supplied to antenatal mothers free of cost and also for babies.
Position of U.T. of Pondicherry
As per National AIDS Control Organization, STD prevalence has fallen from 7.20% in 1998 to 4.03 % in 2006 and prevalence of HIV positive in antenatal case has fallen from 0.5 % in 1998 to 0.25 % during 2006, Sentinel Surveillance. U. T. of Pondicherry is now showing decline in prevalence of HIV infection in comparison to neighbouring states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, which are HIV High Prevalence States.
HIV prevalence: 11000 till 2008. (Approximately 60% from neighbouring states)
|High Risk Groups (STD Cases)|
|Low Risk Groups (Ante Natal Clinic Cases)|
National Vector Borne Diseases Control Programme
No death due to Malaria
|Year||BSC & BSE||PV||PF||TOTAL||API||ABER||DEATH|
Non endemic status achieved in 2005, shortly to be declared as filarial free
|Year||Parasitological Data||Entomological Data|
|Persons Examined||+ ve for MF||MF Rate||+ve for Diseases||Disease Rate||Ten Man Hour Density||Infection Rate %||Infectivity Rate %||-|
Dengue / DHF
Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme
|% of TB suspects examined out of total new adult outpatient||1.61%|
|Annualized total cases detection rate||61%|
|Annualized new smear positive case detection rate (%)||74%|
|Success rate of new smear positive patients||80%|
|New sputum +ve defaulter rate||<5%|
National Leprosy Eradication Programme
Declared Leprosy Free State in 2005
|NLEP Indicators||2006-07||2007-08||2008-09||2009-10 (Nov-09)|
|No. of new cases detected (ANCDR)||57 (5.24)||50 (4.51)||57 (5.05)||33 (2.92)|
|No. of cases on record at year end (PR)||39 (0.36)||24 (0.22)||42 (0.37)||35 (0.31)|
|No. of Grade II disability among new cases (%)||1 (1.75)||0 ( 0 )||(2) (3.5)||0 ( 0 )|
|Treatment completion rate||100||100||97.4||95|
|Re-constructive surgery conducted||5||6||3||3|
Integrated Disease Surveillance Project
H1N1 Status in UT of Puducherry
|Reported for||Cumulative for the state|
|No. of patient screened||575|
|No. of patient admitted in hospital (Cat –C )||97|
|No. of patient whose samples were tested||527|
|No. of patient found positive with travel history to H1N1 notified countries (imported cases)||4|
|No. of patient found positive without travel history to H1N1 notified countries (indigenous cases)||112|
|No. of deaths||Nil|
No suspected case were reported from January 2010
- 890 vials of H1N1 Vaccine received from the Govt. Medical Stores, Mumbai.
Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Centre
The Artificial Limb Fitting Centre is expanded with physical medicine & Rehabilitation facilities such as Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy in addition to the fitting of Artificial Limbs and Orthopedic Appliances. It is a 30 Bedded Hospital to provide in-patient treatment facilities to the Physically handicapped persons and fitting of Artificial Limbs. The Outhouses and prostheses are fitted to the physically handicapped persons referred from IGGGH&PGI Puducherry, ESI Mahe / Yanam / Karaikal and other Health institutions. Apart from Orthopedic appliances and Artificial Limbs, special type of appliances such a cervical collar, spinal brace, lumbar sacral belt, Modified surgical boot etc., are also fabricated and fitted to the patients. Fitting of functional Upper extremity prosthesis, partially mutilated hand, cosmetic fingers etc., are also being fabricated and fitted to the needy patients.
The treatment with latest equipments such as Laser Therapy, Microwave, Interferential Therapy, etc., is also available for the chronic patients. The availability of X-Ray unit, Laboratory facilities and operation theatre within the building are of much important to add the facilities in the treatment. The teaching and practical demonstration classes are made available to the students of degree course in Physiotherapy.
National Iodine Deficiency Disorder Control Programme
National Iodine Deficiency Disorder Control Programme (NIDDCP) is implemented in the U.T. of Puducherry from the year 2002-03. The goal of this programme is to reduce the Prevalence of Iodine deficiency disorders below 12 percent in the entire country by the year 2010 AD.
Iodine Deficiency Disorder (IDD) survey
The Iodine Deficiency Disorder survey was conducted by the Central IDD survey team during the month of September 2003 in all the districts of U.T. of Puducherry by covering 1% of village population and 5% school children to assess the Prevalence of goitre. The Prevalence rate of goitre in U.T. of Puducherry was found to be 10.31% (Puducherry-10.52%, Karaikal-7.73%, Mahe-20.0% & Yanam-9.44%)
National Programme for Control of Blindness
National Programme for Control of Blindness was launched in the year 1976 with a goal of reducing avoidable blindness, now the programme is in its 12th plan, the aim is to reduce the incidence of Blindness to 0.3% by 2020. The major role of community ophthalmology programme is to reach the Blind who reside in the rural, remote and underserved of our country, especially bilaterally blind and women below poverty line.
Surgeries are also done in government general hospital Puducherry, Karaikal and Mahe. The patients are screened the day prior to surgery by the ophthalmologist and operated the next day and followed up on a regular basis.
|Year||Number of cases detected||Number of Surgeries Performed|
Glaucoma and Diabetic Retinopathy Screening
The ophthalmic technicians who are posted in the vision centres screen the patients above 40 years of age for glaucoma by checking their intraocular pressure and if the intraocular pressure is high the ophthalmologist opines on the mode of further management. Similarly all diabetics who come to the diabetic clinic for follow up are screened by the ophthalmologist when they come for cataract screening for diabetic retinopathy and sent to the government general hospital for laser treatment if they show signs of pre proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
School Eye Screening
This is one of the most important components of the NPCB, under which the teachers trained for this purpose, screen the children for defective vision using the Snellen’s chart and then referred to the ophthalmic technician who visits the school and a detailed refraction is done in the vision centre and glasses are provided to the poor and needy children by the NPCB. The children who require further examination are sent to the government general hospital to be seen by a specialist.
The year wise data (2005-06 to 2008-09) of children with refractive error examined and provided free spectacles.
|1||No. of School children screened||40100||55772||33832||47094|
|2||No. of children with refractive error||1150||2743||1506||5104|
|3||No. of children provided with glasses||858||1300||1506||2015|