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Iodine Deficiency

  • Iodine is required for the synthesis of the thyroid hormones.
  • The sea foods are best sources of iodine. They are found in smaller amounts in milk, meat, vegetables and cereals, etc.
  • The deficiency will lead to:
    • Goitre (Enlargement of thyroid glands, which is found as a swelling hooks like butterfly in lower part of the front of the neck).
    • Decreased intelligence, hearing defects, speech defects in children.
    • Myxedema
    • Cretinism
    • Spontaneous abortion, miscarriage.


  • Use of iodized salt.
  • Increased intake of sea food.
  • Health Education
  • The Iodised salt pocket will be shown with "smiling sun" logo.
Back To Previous Page | Page last updated date: 15-10-2021